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The Samuel H. Kress Collection

The paintings that constitute the Samuel H. Kress Study Collection at Vanderbilt University represent a selection of fourteenth- through sixteenth-century Renaissance works of art from northern and southern Italy. The subject matter of these paintings comprises religious narratives as well as saintly images, serving to demonstrate how strong both official and popular pietism were during the age. Yet, in spite of the constancy of devotional spirit underlying the collection, there are a variety of styles and interpretations. It is just such variety which lends value to these painted panels as major components of a university museum collection.

The pieces in the Kress Study Collection range from the Crucifixion by the Bolognese painter, Jacopo di Paolo, to the Virgin and Saints by a Lombard artist, Girolamo Giovenone. They show the transition from the polished tempera-and-gold-leaf surfaces of the Trecento to the deeper resonances of oil painting in the Mannerist style of the mid-sixteenth century. By way of contrast, the Virgin and Child with St. Anne, attributed to Goswyn van der Weyden, provides a Flemish perspective on Renaissance painting that shows Italianate connections to the art of the early sixteenth century in northern Europe.

Viewed as a whole, the Kress pictures demonstrate the attention to craftsmanship and detail that still prevailed in an artistic environment of thriving workshops and competitive commissions. One is immediately struck by the high standards adhered to by artists of limited renown. As these paintings so well illustrate, Renaissance masters had a remarkable sensitivity to both decorative and figural design, as well as a long-standing familiarity with standard subject types. These works, on long-term loan to Vanderbilt, provide an unparalleled opportunity for direct contact with our artistic heritage.

The Crucifixion with the Virgin, Mary Magdalene and St. John the Evangelist

Andrea di Bartolo
Italian (active after 1389 –1428)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin, Mary Magdalene  and St. John the Evangelist , ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
17 1/4″ x 16″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0649P

The Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary, St. Mary Magdalene, St. John the Evangelist, and a Female
Jacopo di Paolo,
Italian (active 1380–1426)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary, St. Mary  Magdalene, St. John the Evangelist, and a Female 
Saint , ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
27 7/16″ x 12 1/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0653P
Madonna and Child with the Holy Trinity and the Annunciation; Anonymous Martyr Saint; Resurrection, “Noli me tangere,”
Lorenzo di Bicci
Italian (active 1370–1427)
Madonna and Child with the Holy Trinity and the Annunciation; Anonymous Martyr Saint; Resurrection, “Noli me tangere,”  ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
28 1/2″ x 19 3/8 ”
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0652P
St. Louis of Toulouse
Vittore Crivelli,
Italian (active ca. 1481–1502)
St. Louis of Toulouse, ca. 1490
Tempera on panel
46 1/8″ x 16 1/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College,
Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0651P
Madonna and Child
Pietro Orioli (Pietro di Francesco degli Orioli),
Italian (1458–1496)
Madonna and Child, 15th century
Tempera on panel
15″ x 11 1/2″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University
1979.0650P
St. Sebastian
Liberale da Verona (Liberale di Jacopo dalla Biava)
Italian (1445–1525/29)
St. Sebastian, ca. 1525
Tempera on panel
26 5/8" x 19 1/2"
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0656P
Madonna and Child  x 15 1/4
Giovanni Agostino da Lodi (Boccaccino, Master known as the Pseudo)
Italian (ca. 1467–1524)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1520
Tempera on Panel
20 5/8" x 15 1/4"
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0654P
St. Sebastian
Follower of Domenico Ghirlandaio (possibly, Giovanni Battista Bertucci)
St. Sebastian, ca. 1510
Italian (1475–1525)
Tempera with oil on panel
19 5/8" x 16 1/8"
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0655P
Madonna and Child with Apollonia and Another Female saint
Gerolamo Giovenone
Italian (1490–ca. 1557)
Madonna and Child with Apollonia and Another Female Saint, ca. 1525–1530
Tempera on wood panel
51 1/8″ x28″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0659P
Madonna with Three Saints and John
Bonifacio di Pitati, called Bonifazio Veronese,
Italian (1487–1553)
Madonna with Three Saints and John, ca. 1530
Tempera on wood panel
25 1/2″ x 34″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0657P
Madonna and Child with St. Anne, date unknown
Goswyn van der Weyden
Southern Netherlandish (ca. 1465– after 1538)
Madonna and Child with St. Anne, date unknown
Pigment on oak panel
19″ x 12 3/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0658P
A Baptismal Ceremony
Amico Aspertini
Italian (1472/75–1552)
A Baptismal Ceremony, ca. 16th century
Tempera on panel
24 1/2" x 29 1/2"
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0648P