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The Avant-Garde Before World War I

Included in the Pia Collection are treasures of the symbolist period that were published before the outbeak of World War I in 1914. These publications including L'Ermitage and Les Marges, show the close collaboration between avant-garde artists and writers during the early twentieth century.


Édouard Ducaté recalls his work as editor of L'Ermitage from 1896 until it was succeeded by la Nouvelle Revue Française.

L’Ermitage, founded in 1890, was an important review of the Symbolists and their successors, publishing writers like André Gide, Henri Ghéon, Francis Jammes, Paul Fort, Charles Guérin, Edmond Jaloux, and Francis Viélé-Griffin.(« Les Revues d'Avant-Garde », Belles-Lettres, 6 (December 1924).

A lithographic reduction of a poster by Paul Berthon in the fin de siécle journal L'Ermitage.

« Portrait de femme » probably by Toulouse-Lautrec, L’Ermitage (Fall 1899 vol.10). Also in this issue is the first section of Gide’s novel, Le Prométhée mal enchainé.

Les Marges

Les Marges, cover for May, 1910. This review was published between 1903 and 1937 and includes an article by the French painter Paul Gaugin.

A sample page from Gaugin's article « Noa-Noa »

Manifeste de la Femme futuriste

This manifesto, Manifeste de la Femme futuriste, Réponse à F.T. Marinetti, was written by Valentine de Saint-Point and printed in Paris on March 25, 1912. The Italian poet, novelist, and critic Marinetti had studied in France and had written a “Manifesto of Futurism” that had appeared in Le Figaro in February of 1909. Marinetti lived in Milan and his movement, which tried to recreate in literature the machine age and the chaos and destructiveness of the modern era, was short-lived.