Andrew Nelson Lytle Papers (Addition)
1902: Born on December 26, in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Robert Logan and Lillie Belle Lytle.
1907: Father buys the Log Cabin at Monteagle, Tennessee.
1916-1920: Enrolls in Sewanee Military Academy as a day student in fall of 1916; attends as boarding student after fall of 1917 when mother buys house in Sewanee;
wins the Golden Medal for Scholarship; upon graduation is offered, but refuses an appointment to West Point; travels in France with mother and sister, Polly; writes a
letter from France to Sewanee's headmaster, Major Henry Gass, which is printed in The Little Tiger, the student publication; prepares for admission to Oxford while
at the home of Mademoiselle Durieux on the Left Bank in Paris with an English tutor; studies fencing.
1921: Enters Exeter College, Oxford; called home after three weeks because of death of grandfather, John Nelson; enrolls in Vanderbilt in fall to be near grandmother,
Molly Nelson, in Murfreesboro.
1922: Takes sophomore literature under Donald Davidson.
1923: Publishes two poems in Vanderbilt's undergraduate review, Driftwood Flames, "Hill Cattle" and "Une Reflexion."
1924: Becomes a student of John Crowe Ransom and a classmate of Robert Penn Warren during Vanderbilt career; writes Journal of European Tour: 1 July - 6 September 1924;
attends Fugitive meetings during senior year.
1925: Publishes "Edward Graves" in March issue of The Fugitives; Vanderbilt's Calumet Club produces his one-act play The Gold Tooth; graduates from
Vanderbilt with B.A. degree; goes to Guntersville, Alabama, where he runs his father's farm, Cornsilk, for a year.
1926: Begins a long play entitled New Ground: raises strawberries; becomes a student of George Pierce Baker at the 47 Workshop at Yale in the fall; wins several
1927: Receives an invitation from Tate in March to visit him at 27 Bank Street, New York City; their friendship begins.
1928: Baker's Experimental Theatre produces his one-act play, The Lost Sheep; earns a role in a twelve-week Broadway production of The Grey Fox.
1929: Lytle does research for a biography of Nathan Bedford Forrest; plans a biography of J.C. Calhoun; lives with paralytic boy as a paid housekeeper; returns to South
in May to continue Forrest research; spends June in New York trying out for The Patriarch which open is fall ; becomes involved in plans for an Agrarian offensive.
1930: Contributes "The Hind Tit" to Agrarian symposium; argues against title, I'll Take My Stand; continues work on Forrest.
1931: Oversees strawberry crop in Huntsville, Alabama; publishes Bedford Forrest and His Critter Company; reviews Stribling's The Forge in "Life in the
Cotton Belt" for New Republic; is reported in July in Huntsville's The Times to advocate erecting a Forrest statue; returns to Southampton on Long Island in
summer where, with George Haight as director and treasurer, he and others start the Hampton Players; in July performs in The Immodest Violet; reviews four Lincoln
books for Virginia Quarterly Review in "The Lincoln Myth."
1932: Publishes first piece of fiction, "Old Scratch in the Valley," in Virginia Quarterly Review; decides against Calhoun biography; reviews book on Robert Barnwell
Rhett and one of Edmund Ruffin for Hound and Horn in "Principles of Secession"; visits Albemarle, Virginia; there becomes engaged to a daughter of the Pattons who, in
September, breaks the engagement; gets involved in a legal battle over mortgage rights to Cornsilk; continues to work on long play; begins "Mr. MacGregor." His mother dies.
1933: Reviews book on Sherman for Virginia Quarterly Review in "A Tactical Blunder"; contributes "A Confederate General" to New Republic; finishes revision of "The
Backwoods Progression" and publishes it in American Review.
1934: Receives Owsley's narrative of his Uncle Dink in June; attends Alabama Writers' Conference; completes "John Taylor and the Political Economy," a three-part essay
published in American Review; spends Christmas in New Orleans with Tates.
1935: Publishes "The Passion of Aleck Maury," a review of Caroline Gordon's novel in New Republic; attends the Mercantile Library Association meeting in Cincinnati with
Tate; "Mr. MacGregor" appears in Virginia Quarterly Review in April; works on a play, possibly The Gold Dust Family, while at Cornsilk; reviews Chilton's
Follow The Furies and later, Freeman's R.E. Lee in The Southern Review; begins paper for second agrarian symposium.
1936: Becomes professor of American History at Southwestern College in Memphis; "Jericho, Jericho" appears in The Southern Review; contributes "The Small Farm
Secures the State" to Who Owns America?; by August the Alabama Supreme Court decides in favor of his father in the farm lawsuit; "The Approach of the Southern Writer
to His Material" appears in The Atlanta Constitution.
1937: Goes to New Orleans in February then on to Hollywood; visits George Haight and investigates movie possibilities; helps wage campaign to retain Ransom at
Vanderbilt; begins work on At The Moon's Inn.
1938: Reviews Styron's The Cast Iron Man in "John C. Calhoun" for The Southern Review; continues research on De Soto in Nashville and Little Rock; marries
Edna Langdon Barker in June; spends three months in California working on novel; moves to Monteagle in fall.
1939: Attends Writers' Conference in Savannah; continues work on De Soto and publishes excerpt, "A Fragment: How Nuno Tovar Came to Cross the Ocean Sea," in June; remains
at Monteagle but buys a 330-acre farm in Robertson County, Tennessee.
1940: Receives Guggenheim Fellowship; spends part of summer with Tates at Princeton; in December, secures 627 Dumaine Street in New Orleans for three months and works on
1941: Gets a three-month extension of Guggenheim; returns to Monteagle around June first; accepts offer of a rent-free house at Sewanee in exchange for public
lectures; At The Moon's Inn appears November 16, the day his first daughter, Pamela, is born.
1942: Accepts a teaching position at Sewanee Military Academy; later becomes professor of history at the University of the South and managing editor of Sewanee Review; "Alchemy" comes out in Kenyon Review.
1943: Reviews Freeman's Lee's Lieutenants for Sewanee Review; father dies on Valentine's Day in Guntersville; sells what remains of Cornsilk after TVA flooding;
spends summer at farm in Portland in Robertson County; publishes a review of Warren's At Heaven's Gate in Sewanee Review; declines job in war department.
1944: Raises turkeys and tobacco in Portland; continues to edit Review through spring issue; goes on duck hunt to Reelfoot Lake which contributes to the creation
of "The Guide."
1945: "The Guide" (later "The Mahogany Frame") appears in Sewanee Review and wins Lytle a cash prize from Prentice-Hall.
1946: Remains in Portland and begins work on A Name for Evil; a second daughter, Katherine Anne, is born on May 12.
1947: Goes to University of Iowa for spring semester to take over fiction classes and work on novella; makes a three-day trip to California in April; spends summer in
Portland finishing A Name for Evil which comes out in August; returns to Iowa in fall as Acting Head of the Iowa University School of Writing; Flannery O'Connor is
in his writing class.
1948: Takes over household chores while Edna recuperates from an operation; attends a ten-day workshop in Missouri in June; returns to Portland; publishes "Note on a
Traditional Sensibility," a tribute to Ransom in Sewanee Review; in fall accepts position of Lecturer in Creative Writing at the University of Florida in Gainesville.
1949: Publishes "Regeneration for Man," an essay on Faulkner's Intruder in the Dust in Sewanee Review; starts work on what will become The Velvet
Horn; sells Log Cabin to the Woman's Association; begins building a house in Gainesville; assesses Gordon's fiction in a Sewanee Review essay entitled "Caroline
Gordon and the Historic Image."
1950: Moves into newly finished house at 1822 North West Ave. in May.
1951: Continues work on The Velvet Horn.
1952: Contributes to "The Agrarian Today," a symposium published in Shenandoah; leases Portland farm.
1953: Submits "How Many Miles to Babylon" to the Hopkins symposium; "Image as the Guide to Meaning in the Historical Novel" appears in Sewanee Review; the third
daughter, Lillie Langdon is born November 15.
1954: Heads the humanities division of the International Seminar of the Harvard Summer School; visits the Allen Tates in Princeton; works five weeks on a Faulkner paper;
reviews Gerald Carson's The Old Country Store for The Southern Folklore Quarterly; goes to New York in December to summarize three papers given at the MLA
symposium, "The Southern Literary Renaissance."
1955: Publishes Faulkner essay, "The Son of Man: He Will Prevail," in Sewanee Review; continues work on The Velvet Horn; his "A Summing Up," along with the
three other papers from the MLA symposium, is published in Shenandoah.
1956: Participates in the Fugitives' Reunion held at Vanderbilt, May 3-5; "What Quarter of the Night," an excerpt from The Velvet Horn, still in progress, appears
in Sewanee Review; publishes "A Hero and the Doctrinaires of Defeat" in The Georgia Review and an essay on Gordon's collection of short stories, The Forest of
the South, in Critique.
1957: Leaves Bobbs-Merrill for McDowell, Obolensky; sells Portland farm in April; publishes an essay on Faulkner, "The Town: Helen's Last Stand" in Sewanee Review; The Velvet Horn comes out in August; goes to New York to promote sales.
1958: Reviews works by Walter Sullivan, Howard Nemerov, and Peter Taylor in "The Displaced Family" in Sewanee Review; reviews The Lasting South, ed. by
Kilpatrick and Rubin, in "The Quality of the South" for National Review; A Novel, Novella and Four Stories comes out with a new "Foreword"; reviews Cheney's
This Is Adam and Wright's The Long Dream in "Man or Symbol" for National Review.
1959: "The Working Novelist and the Mythmaking Process" appears in Daedalus; has a serious operation in June which forces him to cancel a summer lectureship at
Harvard; attends McDowell, Obolensky anniversary party in New York in August; visits Tate and Isabella at Princeton; publishes "Allen Tate: Upon the Occasion of His Sixtieth
Birthday" in Sewanee Review; writes an introduction for a new printing of Forrest; spends Christmas with Tates in Florida.
1960: Funding from Guggenheim Fellowship begins; makes plans to write memoir; travels to Mexico, but Edna becomes ill there; returns to Florida then Memphis where she
is diagnosed as having lung cancer; buys back the Log Cabin from the Woman's Association; the new printing of Forrest appears.
1961: Takes leave of absence from Gainesville in May to edit Sewanee Review and becomes lecturer in English at the University of the South; begins editing
Review with Autumn number.
1962: Attends Literary Festival in Spartanburg and ALMA in New York; works on essay on impressionism.
1963: Learns that Edna's cancer has returned; publishes "Agee's Letters to Father Flye" in Sewanee Review and "Impressionism, the Ego and the First Person" in Daedalus; is called back to hospital during Vanderbilt's annual symposium; Edna dies April 26; invites Pamela and her husband, Jim Law, to move in the Log Cabin; fulfills engagements at Richmond, Kentucky, and Tryon, North Carolina, before attending the William Elliott celebration in Cambridge in July.
1964: Undergoes another serious operation in spring; daughter Kate marries in August; delivers Founder's Day Address, "A Christian University and the Word," at Sewanee in
October; publishes a tribute to Flannery O'Connor in Espirit, the literary magazine of the University of Scranton.
1965: Plans a special issue of the Review devoted to Eliot and guest edited by Tate; is accorded an honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Kenyon; publishes an
essay on Hemingway, "A Moveable Feast: The Going To and Fro" and one on Bovary, "In Defense of a Passionate and Incorruptible Heart" in Sewanee Review.
1966: Brings out Eliot issue; participates in a discussion published in Alabama Alumni News as "And Like All Good Conversations It Never Ends"; adds "'The Open
Boat': A Pagan Tale" to the essays collected and published as The Hero with the Private Parts; receives the National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities Award.
1967: "A Wake for the Living" appears in Sewanee Review as an excerpt from a memoir by that name, still in progress.
1968: Attends Dallas Literary Festival honoring Nashville Agrarians and presents paper on Joyce; promoted to rank of Professor of English at University of the South.
1969: A Name for Evil appears an unauthorized Avon Paperback; "A Reading of Joyce's 'The Dead'" printed in Sewanee Review; adds "Forward" to a collection
of Owsley's essays, The South: Old and New Frontiers.
1970: Accorded honorary Doctor of Letters degree by University of Florida during Florida's Writers' Conference; "Jericho, Jericho, Jericho" is dramatized at Vanderbilt.
1971: "The Garden of Innocence," a second excerpt from The Wake and "The State of Letters in a Time of Disorder" appear in Sewanee Review; edits and
prepares "Forward" to Craft and Vision: The Best Fiction from The Sewanee Review.
1972: "The Old Neighborhood," a third excerpt from the memoir in progress, appears in The Southern Review.
1973: A surreptitious Avon Paperback of The Long Night comes out in March; retires as editor of Sewanee Review with the Autumn issue; accorded honorary
Doctor of Letters degree from University of the South.
1974: Serves as Vanderbilt's Visiting Professor during spring semester.
1975: Moves to a 75-acre farm in Kentucky in April; A Wake for the Living appears in July; a response to questions is recorded in South Dakota Review
as "The Writer's Sense of Place."
1977: Composes a tribute to Peter Taylor, "On a Birthday," for Shenandoah. Sells the Kentucky farms and moves back to the Log Cabin.
1978: Writes "A Ploughman's Politics" on the republication of John Taylor of Caroline's Arator for Modern Age.
1979: Prepares an "Introduction" for the Palaemon Press's limited edition of Alchemy; contributes "The Momentary Man" to The Hillsdale Review, a publication
of Hillsdale College, Michigan.
1980: Publishes "They Took Their Stand: The Agrarian View After Fifty Years" in Modern Age and, separately, as Reflections of a Ghost; contributes an
untitled response to the question "Is Regional Writing Dead?" for The Student, a publication of Wake Forest University; publishes a reminiscence, "A Journey South,"
in Kentucky Review; attends Vanderbilt's Fiftieth Anniversary of the Agrarian Manifesto; participates in a discussion published as "The Agrarian-Industrial Metaphor"
in A Band of Prophets, ed. by Harvard and Sullivan; writes "A Tribute" for the Katherine Anne Porter entry in the 1980 Yearbook of Dictionary of Literary Biography.
1981: Publishes "The Artists in a Time of Disorder" in The Chattahoochee Review; "A Partial Reading of Parade's End or the Hero as an Old Furniture Dealer" in
The Presence of Ford Madox Ford; "The Search for Order in American Society: The Southern Response" in The Southern Partisan; the "Afterword" to Why The South
Will Survive; and "A Tribute" for the Caroline Gordon entry in the 1981 Yearbook of Dictionary of Literary Biography.
1982: Nominated for the Presidential Medal of Freedom; honored at a celebration of his eightieth birthday at Sewanee; The Velvet Horn is reprinted; "Allen Tate
and John Peale Bishop" appears in Grand Street; "Recollection and Reflection" appears in Mountain Voices: The Centennial History of the Monteagle Sunday School Assembly.
1983: Adds a personal perspective on Frances Cheney in References Services and Library Education: Essays in Honor of Frances Neel Cheney.
1984: Alchemy and Other Stories published; Bedford Forrest reprinted: "Three Ways of Making a Saint: A Reading of 'Three Tales" by Flaubert" appears in
Southern Review; Katherine Anne Liggett, Lytle's daughter, dies in Pensacola.
1985: Writes "Foreword" to Shakespeare's Insistent Theme, a volume in honor of Charles Harrison. Wins the Lynhurst Foundation grant.
1986: Awarded the Ingersoll Foundation prize, the Richard M. Weaver Award for Scholarly Letters given in Chicago in November. Continues to live in the Log Cabin at
1995: Lytle dies in his Monteagle cabin at the age of 92 on December 14, from an illness he had for many years. He was the last surviving member of the Agrarian
[Most notes taken from:
The Lytle-Tate Papers: The Correspondence of Andrew Lytle and Allen Tate. Thomas Daniel Young and Elizabeth Sarcone, eds. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1987.]
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