APA Citation Style: Basic Rules of APA Style
Download a printable copy of the guide
as a 24K Word .doc file of the Basic Rules of APA Style Guide or
as a PDF that includes all our APA Guides in one document
- Author's names are always inverted, (last name first); although you use the last name and initials for the authors, such as Foutch, L.J. Your reference list should also be alphabetized by the author's last names. Formatting your reference list begins on page 181 of the APA manual.
- If you have more than one work by a particular author, order them according to publication date.
- Use "&" instead of "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work. See journal article examples.
- All lines after the first line of each entry should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation. Your citations should also be double - spaced. See Chapter 6, page 181 of the APA manual for guidelines to setting up your paper.
- Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title and subtitle of a work.
- Italicize titles of books and journals, and note that italics continue beyond both commas and periods.
- Unpublished communications, such as email and private interviews are not cited in a reference list because they are non-retrievable. You make reference to these types of sources in your in-text citations.
- When citing sources from the Internet, such as Web pages, use n.d. (no date) if a publication date is not available.
- For more information on how to cite electronic resources using APA, please refer to APA's Electronic References page at http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html.
Created by Leslie Foutch, Librarian